Wednesday, November 30, 2011

2.6 Biological Molecules Structure

2.6 describe the structure of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids as large molecules made up from smaller basic units: starch and glycogen from simple sugar; protein from amino acids; lipid from fatty acids and glycerol

1. Carbohydrates (CHO) ---> Sugars (glucose) combine to form STARCH (plants) and GLYCOGEN (animals)

2. Proteins (CHON) ---> Amino Acids join together in long chains which join together to make proteins.
Broken down they form smaller molecules (the amino acids)

3. Lipids (CHO) ---> (have 2 different kind of molecules) --> Glycerol + Fatty acids which join together to form Lipids.

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