Understand that division of a diploid cell by mitosis produces two cells which contain identical sets of chromosomes.
Stages of mitosis
(a) Nucleus of a cell contains the chromosomes.
(b) During the Inter-phase, the chromosomes are copied. Process: DNA replication Result: 2 copies of chromosomes.
1. The break down of the nuclear membrane is the first sign of a cell that is entering the process of cell division + mitosis.
2. Chromosomes become visible as a "pair of chromotids" after the membrane breaks down.
3. Metaphase: Cell divsion carries on, and spindles (fibres) form at opposite "poles" of the cell.
4. Anaphase: The chromotids line up along the center line and begin to be pulled apart by fibers.
5. Telophase: The nucleus reforms around the chromosomes at each end of the cell resulting in two nuclies.